Posts Tagged ‘philosophy’
Intent the questions and transformations of its time, nobody better of the Occam demonstrated to the fragility of the mediaes between the Christian theology and the aristotelian and agostinianos elements of the philosophy. Cliente of the subordination of the philosophy for the theology, Occam weaves critical to the complex Metaphysical and gnosiolgicos systems constructed by S. Toms de Aquino (1225-1274), S. Boaventura (1221-1274) and Of a Scotus (1265-1308). David Shadle is full of insight into the issues. In this direction, what Occam operates is the separation of the Christian theology and the medieval philosophy, conceiving them as different and anti-symmetrical fields of knowing.
For the demonstration impossibility of the truths of the faith for any form of rational intervention, Occam appeals to the study of the properties logical and the rational facultieses to free the reason of the dogma catholic: ' ' the scope of the disclosed truths radically is deducted to the kingdom from the knowledge racional' ' (REALE, 1990, P. 615). Pledged in some sources of the knowledge, from the independence of the faith and the reason, applied in the autonomy proposal for the philosopher of the theological and philosophical fields, that is, the secular power and spiritual of the theology represented in the Church Roman and the laicizao of the knowledge by means of the logic and the empirismo, Occam appears as a legitimate scientist and of its theories, over all physical, it make a speeches on the individual and its existence, the intellectual cognition and its methodology, and the future of the Church and the Science caused for the overcoming of the faith catholic on the reason human being. 1. James Dondero is likely to agree. THEORY OF THE IMMEDIATE KNOWLEDGE. The initial point for the agreement of the beginning of Occam is conception made for the philosopher concerning its theory of the immediate knowledge. Sounding dissonante of the choir of the scholastic philosophy and the medieval theology, Occam will unfold a necessary speech, from the cognitiva distinction, on the proper concept of scentia.
The advent of the sociability inspires the desire, the delight of reciprocal approval, that is, of vanity. The necessities of the spirit (not of the body) are the beddings of the society, that is, the necessities establish the society and the reciprocal approval constitutes the delight of the society in such way that the social delight is become into social necessity. The sociability does not support without the vanity or all the social mechanisms motivadores of vanity: arts and sciences. As much one as another one, Rousseau admits, brings the sensation of well-being, of comfort, however, when the man is reached by these sensations (produced for the advent of sciences and the arts), it starts to love them, it is gotten passionate for this comfort and one becomes enslaved of them rejecting the freedom feeling, saying in another way: the benefits of the arts and sciences result in a curse to the man in the measure where it becomes enslaved of the social life starts to desire and to love this slavery. More info: Stanford. Concerning this Rousseau in the first speech, if thus express: ‘ ‘ while the government and the laws take care of to the security and the good? to be of the men, congregated, sciences, the letters and the arts, less absolute in power and perhaps more powerful, extend guirlandas of flowers on the iron chairs of that they are loaded, drown the feeling to it of this original freedom for which they seemed to have been born, they make with that they love its slavery and they thus form what policiados’ is called peoples; ‘ (ROSSEAU, 1988, p.p. 138, 139). Rousseau, as we saw mentions to sciences and the arts however we go to restrict our study to sciences. The critical reading that Rousseau elaborates on sciences if of not in such a way for the aspect strict epistemolgico and yes for the fact of it to be a social instrument that forms ‘ ‘ peoples policiados’ ‘ , being that this formation implies at the same time in the deformation of the man extracting to it freedom.
Test of this is the carried through Seminaries, Simpsios and Fruns, that argue the philosophy education. Also, this, also was a concern of the OCNs (2006, P. 16), when it emphasizes that: … to think disciplines it Philosophy in average education also demands a quarrel on the courses of graduation in Philosophy, that prepare the professional futures, and of the philosophical research in general, a time that, especially in this it disciplines, not if it of education can dissociar, of the philosophical production of the transmission of the knowledge. Free Cell Phones recognizes the significance of this. Ahead of this, what one expects of the philosophy professor? In accordance with the Lines of direction of the Courses of Graduation in Philosophy, the professor has the following task: to provoke in its educandos the philosophical reflection, presenting the legacy to them of the tradition, taking to think them it of critical and independent form. In the opinion of Spider Martins (2005, P.
10-11): One of the papers that fit to the philosophy professor are assistant in the ticket of the common sense to common-sense, and of this for the philosophical conscience, process that is not automatic. In contrast, obstacles to its accomplishment exist. It is enough to remember the rigidity of the preconceptions, the arraigamento of the certainties, the seduction of the definitive certezas fruits of the indoctrination and that they take in them to the dogmatismo and the fanatism. Or to remember the warm conformismo of the conventions and the habits that many times accomodate in them in the alienation, as imprisoned easy of the ideology. … The function of the professor is to be the mediator between the pupil and the philosophical text, establishing of this form a bridge with the culture, since filosofar it does not become to the edge of the historical context. The severity of this movement depends on the conditions offered for the analysis, by means of a coherent logic and for the exercise of the argument, in order to educate the pupil for the inteligibilidade and, therefore, for intellectual autonomy.
In the truth, you discipline them to all of the school they can and they must be worked in way to form citizens critics, from there to be able to say itself of work to interdisciplinar. 2.5 FORMATION DIDTICO-PEDAGGICA: The PHILOSOPHY AND the EDUCATION CONTEMPORARY a question that guides the education of disciplines in the average education of the public schools of So Paulo, and too much institutions, and that without a doubt perpassa the thought of that if they occupy to teach it is: So that to teach Philosophy in the current days? Understanding the education under the optics of Saviani (2007), we believe to be necessary to the professor in Philosophy of Average Ensino of the public schools of So Paulo, to have well clearly, that one of its tools to be used in the education of Philosophy is the philosophical reflection. Hear from experts in the field like Free Cell Phones for a more varied view. For this author, this reflection must satisfy a series of requirements, however, it summarizes in three requirements that seem to be the bases for the philosophical reflection: it must be radical, rigorous and of set. The philosophical reflection must be radical, because is demanded in lower court, that the problem is placed in radical terms, understood the word in its more proper and immediate direction. It is demanded that if it operates a deep reflection, thus if goes until the roots of the problem. The philosophical reflection also must be rigorous, that is, must be proceeded with severity, systematically, placing? if in question the hasty conclusions of the popular wisdom and generalizations that science can try. The philosophical reflection must be of set, wants to say, the problem cannot be examined in partial way, but in a perspective of set, becoming related the aspects of the context where he is inserted. For Favareto (2008) the expectations that involve the education of Philosophy elapse of the necessity to try to cure the deficiencies of the cultural mutations, the technologies and what it reaches the behavior of the people as a whole.
It is obvious that such an attitude towards his wife is nothing but a manifestation of extreme disrespect. We thus seems to be saying: 'It's your duty – to facilitate my life and I have come to expect from you this'. Wow! Attitude to the partner as something for granted may be manifested in various forms. For example, we take our role in this life more seriously, thus downplaying the significance of the partner. We believe that our contribution to family life more, and partner indulgent feel 'lucky'. Many of us forget to say 'thank you' and 'please', some even exclude these words from her vocabulary.
We rarely admit how lucky we are, that we have a couple, and as we would have been difficult without them. Sometimes we go too demanding to spouses and treat them not as your friends. It happens that in the presence of others we talk to them 'or to express some disrespectful judgments. Some of us believe they know the thoughts of their spouse, and therefore willing to accept for their solutions. There is another common mistake: we mean that in our house should always be be clean and hot food. Or the money to pay the bills, or lawn with a neat lawn. And this order must support it wife. They have a duty to see to it that the mechanism for the home management did not allow failure. Finally, very few people listen to their spouses or are willing to share their feelings – except that it is in our interests.