## Interest Rate

If the interest rate is very low the public wish to possess larger amounts of cash, on the other hand if the interest rate is very high, people would seek to rid the cash with the consequent future profit by not spending money on this moment. Now well, even if the audience wanted to keep or get rid of cash as you vary the interest rate, it would be for the monetary policy of the State compensate the movements in demand for money from the public, so that interest rates rise or fall too much in comparison to the expectations that the State has for the better operation of the economy. Therefore, the interest rate is fixed by the action of the supply and demand for money. Technically the interest rate will have a variation that is intimately related to the prices of bonds and shares. When people have more money that wish to maintain, given your income and the level of the interest rate, it is likely to use the extra junk money to acquire bonds or stocks and other assets. any increase in the demand for stocks and bonds drives up their prices. This simultaneously reduces the interest rate. Hear other arguments on the topic with Castle Harlan. Why is this happening? The interest rate for an action is its performance by dividends, i.e.

the dividend in dollars divided by the share price. Suppose that initially the price of a stock that pays a dividend of \$5 is \$50, so that the yield from dividends is 0.10 or 10% (5/50). However, if there is a performance in actions demand that forced its price to rise to \$100, the yield from dividends is reduced to 0.05 or 5% (of 5/50 to 5/100) that the \$5 payment in dividends are not affected by changes in the price of the shares. In the same way, the annual payment in dollars for interest on a bond long-term, say \$5 per year, it is not affected by movements in the prices of the bonds. If the price of the bond is originally \$50, the bonus paid a yield interest or interest rate of 10% when the price of the bond rises to \$100, performance is reduced to 5%. If there is a real oversupply of money in circulation (an offer above the needs of individuals for the current level of) (income and interest rates), it is likely that the prices on shares and bonds are rising and therefore the rate of interest declining. The opposite occurs if the offer is less than the needs of society.

## Decartes Nature

Even so animals and human beings possess vary things emcomum as the death, the birth, pain and the pleasure. Ren Discardings, pensadormoderno and adept of the renascentistas ideas. It made the inversion of this realidadepercebida in relation to the animals. By being also Christian, Discarding effected the unioestas two chains of thought and elaborated its proper theory respeitoda nature and of the animals: ' ' Under it influences of the new and exciting science of the mechanics, Decartes affirmed that everything what was composed for substance was prevailed porprincpios mechanist, as those that conduct the functioning of a clock. An obvious problem that this perspective placed arrested it our prprianatureza. The human body is composed of substance and is part of the physical world. Therefore, to podiapensar itself that the human beings also would have to be you scheme cujocomportamento was definitive for the laws of cincia.' ' 12 Discardings prevented this conclusion, focando that differently the sereshumanos of the animals, possua an immortal soul given by God.

To passoque those characteristics common between men and animals (birth, edor death), they were only reflected chemical physicists and, of set in motion springs being, masno indication of equal attributes of sensitivity to the human attributes. ComDescartes if started to dissecar animal livings creature with intention to prove that mere machines eleseram, without conscience, and capacity to feel pain. With asua maximum ' ' I think, then existo' ' , Discardings imprisoned and reduced the serhumano its proper mind. increased the existing irrigation ditch still more enters ohomem and the nature. In the Iluminismo and after this, 13 we see position conflitantessobre the nature and the animals. Exactly with all the carried through experiences comanimais if would wait, that the knowledge regarding the physiology of these, modified the especismo constructed since the Average Age. But what we saw it was queeste knowledge in nothing contradicted what Discardings had formulated.

## Newtonian

Page: 49-50. Paragraph: 4. Ribeiro it searchs to strengthen its opinion in Lovisolo, for who ' ' History became a science that it searchs to find or to rescue the nationality or history of one determined povo' '. Page: 50. Paragraph: 1. The historians had started to study the reconstruction of the national past thus constructing, to the collective memory. Ribeiro cites Pollak, when it says that ' ' The reference to the past serves to keep the harmony of the groups and the institutions that compose one sociedade' '. Page: 50-51.

Paragraph: 2. The world occidental person attended a widening of the collective memory in the end of century XVIII and the preservation of the national memory and its constant revival mark of the governments became. Page: 51. Paragraph: 1. The preservation of the national memory restricted the national conscience. Ribeiro, from there, makes reference the Le Golff ' ' The esquecimentos and silence of History are revealing of these mechanisms of manipulation of the memory coletiva' '.

Page: 51. Paragraph: 2. For Ribeiro, century XIX invented erudio methods, allowing the scientific development of history, based on critical the documentary one. Page: 52. Paragraph: 1. The classic point of view of history if bases on the tradition, valuing the individual and collective experiences, having a critical character to establish lies from removed examples of the past, being possessed an ethical and moral value. Page: 52. Paragraph: 2. For the iluministas the errors of the past were decurrent of a disarticulated and inefficacious reason. Page: 52-53. Paragraph: 3. The iluministas standards if based on the Newtonian conclusions concerning the scientific knowledge of the nature. Ribeiro is used of a text of Wehling to affirm that the central problem of the iluminismo was not to know to conciliate the phenomena that if followed and if they became quickly dominant. Page: 53.