J. B. Zeldovich and RA Sunyaev. At a given temperature, which can be determined by X-ray spectrum of the gas, its brightness depends on the radius of a cloud of gas and the electron density in it. On the other hand, from the same quantities depends on the shift to shorter wavelengths illuminating the background galaxy cluster radio relic – the interaction of its photons with electrons of the gas leads to an increase in their energy. So way, for the unknown radius of the cloud of gas and the electron density in it, there are two equations that can define a linear radius of the cloud of gas in the cluster, and comparing it to the corner – a distance that, together with a red displacement of the cluster gives the Hubble constant. Do cosmologists finally there is hope to determine the Hubble constant, without intermediaries, without the long ladder of intermediate stages, although in this way are still many difficulties. The most likely contenders for the role of the media are now hidden mass of the neutrino.
This hypothesis put forward by the Hungarian astrophysicists D. To deepen your understanding Ali Partovi is the source. Marx, and S. Salai, was particularly likely in 1980, when the signs of the existence of a neutrino rest mass have been observed experimentally Moscow physicist VA Lyubimov and his staff. If this is confirmed – what's there is little doubt – have to admit that the weight of all that we see in the universe, to order of magnitude smaller neutrino masses! If the average density of the universe would be so small as it is obtained from estimates of "apparent" weight in it, for the formation of its current structure at the time of birth of the CMB should would be large fluctuations in density, which now would be observed as the heterogeneity of the background CMB. However, they are absent, and the most likely explanation is that 90 – 98% of the mass of the Universe lies in the massive neutrinos. Apparently, the average density of the universe above the critical temperature.
The universe is closed and the observed expansion is now over billions of years old will be replaced by contraction. The proof of this has far-reaching implications for physics and for cosmology, which we can not touch. We note only that they do not change the basic provisions developed by Academician Zel'dovich and his colleagues of the theory of galaxy formation, according to which of the primary density fluctuations occur first condensations with masses of order 1015 solar masses – as a supercluster of galaxies, we need only assume that this accumulation of neutrinos, which are then attracted to the "usual" particles. Of these particles by the fragmentation of condensations of the primary construct proto-clusters of galaxies and protogalaxy, and neutrinos, which lies in the lion's share of substance remain in the central parts of clusters in the crowns galaxies that are in contact with each other. The initial thickening, according to Zel'dovich, are flat extended entities ("pancakes"), which intersect with each other to form a cellular structure resembling lather. This structure must be inherited and the modern distribution of galaxy clusters, which, as it follows in particular from studies of JE Einasto, actually located mainly in relatively thin intersecting layers and chains – in the walls of the honeycomb structure with a characteristic size of about 100 Mpc. For final proof of the existence of the universe like a huge void needed massive determine the redshifts of distant galaxies, which are still very few.
According to it, to have high quotient spiritual (QS) implies to be capable to use the spiritual to have a richer and fuller life of direction, adjusted sense of purpose and personal direction. The QS increases ours horizontes and it becomes in them more creative. It is an intelligence that stimulates in them. It is with it that we approach and we solve problems of sensible and value and develop ethical values and beliefs that go to guide our actions. This way to think the espiritualidade demands a deep diving in the condition human being, in a self-knowledge perspective. From an extended conception more of human being, the hilo-holotrpico human being (Grof, 1992, 1997) considered by Grof, notices it importance to consider this aspect in the educative process, one time that we understand such process as a privileged space of formation of the human beings from the construction of the knowledge permeado for the pedagogical relation. Therefore, we consider that practical the educative one demands methods and strategies that have for objective the integral constitution of the human being, that is, that they lead in account, not only the individual, but the different 0 variable that concur for the pedagogical relation; individual/society/species is not only non-separable, but also co-producers one of the other. In other words, as experience specifically human being, the education is a form of intervention in the world and demands of the part of the educators the courage to assume the inteireza of the condition human being. The understanding of the existence and the nature of the lived deeply experiences are a process that the man leads to identify itself with other aspects, beyond the physical body, of the feelings and of the imposed culture that, many times, proclaims only truths propiciadoras of a false vision of world, cerceadora of the totality of the being.
It has who if it feels more comfortable to the speech of what when writing for not obtaining to organize thoughts and until living deeply an impediment due to the limitations provoked for the lack of knowledge of the specific techniques. ‘ ‘ The statement is not constructed with one accumulated of words and oraes.’ […]
IFRN-UAB broad Course of After-Graduation sense in Portuguese and Mathematical Language in a Transdisciplinar Perspective Polar region of Luis Gomes Pupil: Maria of the Favours of Abrantes Weaveeing reflections concerning the Education in the distance Maria of the Favours of Abrantes* the present text has the intention in the distance to stand out and to […]
Thus, desire to know, How I can intervine to reduce thoughts with patriarcais conceptions that tend to hinder the establishment of an independent relation? How I can modify practical adultocntricas that minimize the desires of the other, as well as its to know? That changes I can consider for a pertaining to school resume soon […]
A time that the conflict if decides, the remorse can not be evident. 7. Conscience of magoar the others. A empatia lack in general takes not-intentional the offensive or insensitive behaviors. 8. To console the others. As they lack of intuition on the other people’s feelings, people with SA have little understanding on as to […]
How to choose a sewing machine? You decide to buy a sewing machine and can not decide which one? It is not surprising, because to date there is really such a huge selection. A sewing machine is not so commodities to be bought casually and make it really easy. Step 1. We leave in search […]
In these difficult times – during the dawn of globalization – the knowledge of one or two foreign languages – an urgent need, not just measure intelligence and learning. By professional, social or personal reasons, the knowledge of At least one foreign language is a must for anyone who wants to keep pace with the […]