The city is divided administratively in nine districts: Borgo Panigale, San Donato, San Vitale, Savena, Navile, Porto, Saragossa, Santo Stefano, Reindeer. The origins of the city they, at least, overcome a millenium before Christ, was an important population of celtas and the Etruscans (that called Felsina). During the Average Age, it was the fifth European city by number of inhabitants. Bologna enjoyed at this time being a free city with an intense economic, cultural and artistic activity. From this period of prosperity the majority of their more important monuments arose. On 1088 one was based on Bologna which is clear like the first university in the western world (Soul to mater studiorum).
In 1506 the decay from Bologna when happening begins to comprise of the dominions of the Church, under whose power it was until the unification of Italy between 1859 and 1860. Very valid what contributes Wikipedia exceeds she, who at the moment, the city and its metropolitan area are the most important Italian communications center (and not only Milan or Rome) by highway, freeway (four freeways arrive at Bologna: the Freeway of the Sun (Autostrada of the Sole) from the north (Milan), the Freeway of the Sun from the south (Naples-Rome-Florence), the Venice-Padua freeway and the Adritica Freeway (Autostrada Adriatica) from Taranto (by Bari-Fish-Ancona)), and railroad: the railway station of Bologna is first of Europe in transit by passengers with its 30 tracks and their 70 million passengers per year; its descargadero of railroad of San Donato (with another one of Interporto) is greatest of Europe. Bologna also has the greater Italian fair after the one of Milan: Motorshow is the automobile exhibition more important of the world (1.3 million visitors per year), famous in addition in the same heading to have to the constructor of sport automobiles Lamborghini within its locality (Villa Santa Agata), besides the constructor of motorcycles Ducati one of the sharpshooting marks in the MGP championship.