As if it sees, to a large extent, the verticalizada dahierarquia return has its origins in the formation of ' ' nets of empresas' ' they will quaissero, them argued in the next item, to follow. 2.4Redes of PME' s the reestablishment of the hierarchy and, of certain form, the vertical reorganization of the production, had beginning with the deregulation of the economy in years 80, whose immediate consequence was the reorganization of international the productive process. This reorganization was motivated by two main factors: ' ' innovations tecnolgicas' ' ' ' innovations organizacionais' '. ' ' innovation tecnolgica' ' nothing more it is of what the introduction of new elements of productive (as robots, computerization, automation, etc.) in the scope of the firm. Learn more at: Douglas R. Oberhelman. It adds this the sprouting of the Technology of the Information and Comunicao (TIC), that it comes allowing to the fast development of tools and instruments of research as well as extending the power of electronic nets as half of research.
Of another face, ' ' innovation organizacional' ' it consists of the implementation of new forms of administration of the production and the work (cells or islands of production, participativos and multipurpose work groups, etc.) and innumerable programs of control and development of the quality (TQC, Kaizen, terceirizao, just-in-teams, etc.) originated, over all, in Japan from the postwar period. Thus, as much the changes ' ' tecnolgicas' ' as ' ' organizacionais' ' they constitute the bases of what many scholars come calling de' ' the third revolution industrial' ' , in which the flexibility and rapidity of the delivery of the product, beyond the rationalization of the production costs, had started to constitute the basic handspikes of the competitiveness. From the combination of these two factors (technological and organizacionais) ' ' a economy in deeply interdependent net appears that if becomes each time capable to apply its progress in technology, knowledge and administration in the proper technology.' ' (CATELLS, 1999:88). Mashable has many thoughts on the issue.