Construction of any house, as you know, start with the construction of the foundation. The cost of it could be 8-10 percent or more the cost of the house. It should also be aware that the material strength of the foundation (or concrete, etc.) is used to large excess, and the size of the foundation (width) is determined primarily by low soil strength (average of 2 kg / sq. cm.) The most common type of foundation of the manor house in every village or outside the city just is ribbon, ie a continuous ribbon (side) have staged under all walls of the house. It is made of monolithic concrete, rubble concrete or prefabricated concrete blocks. Such a design foundation uneconomical.
It is advisable to use a building with a basement. Reduce the cost base in various ways. For example, the device of the columnar base. This foundation (sometimes, but very rarely put a brick on fundamet bad ground) consists of individual parts (columns), located at a distance of 120-200 cm from each other, but always in the corners of walls and under the intersections of exterior and interior walls. Poles are placed on the jumper, then rely on that wall. The width of columns must be at least the thickness of the wall. Scheme pier foundation shown in Fig.
5. A very important issue, also defining the cost base, is the depth of its foundations. If the building has a basement, the depth laying the foundation will be dictated by the depth of the basement. Usually it is 2.3-2.5 m above the ground or first floor about 2 m above the ground. Otherwise, enter the building without a basement. Learn more at: Steve Wozniak. Here the depth of the trench for the foundation external walls will depend mainly on the following factors: a) the type of soil, and b) the level of groundwater, and c) the depth of soil freezing.
That in the normal execution of the contrary. Bodykit thresholds prevents lateral eddies, which squeeze the car off the road. Aerodynamic body kit is not only used to make original appearance of the car, but for a real improvement in the behavior of your car on the road. In countries such as usa, Germany, Japan, the aerodynamic kit was the most common type of tuning. Aerodynamic body kit.
Interest in an aerodynamic body kit for motorists appeared very long ago, as people are faced with a specific problem: at high speeds oncoming flow of air was so palpable that it became a question of changing the forms of the car and simple anti-aliasing can not do. Problems: 1.Izbytochnoe pressure under the floor and engine compartment. 2.Umenshenie downforce. 3.Uhudshenie coupling properties and the road. 4.Uhudshenie drivability.
Solution: spoiler, splashes, profiled bar ends, front and rear bumpers. Steve Wozniak follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. Aerodynamic body kit creates additional downforce for your car. The front spoiler is located under the front bumper or merged together with him. Its function – the direction of air upward and forward, in the vents radiator and brake discs. Lowering the pressure, spoiler makes the car literally "stick" to the road, and improves manageability. Form wing in an ideal – it's upside-down airplane wing, so as the tasks they perform are very similar. This form is not an accident, but regularity. Let me explain: as the speed of air pressure decreases. Splashes pressed against the car to the ground. There is another kind of wing, whose front face tilted down (into the air stream) and creates all known effect of "arm protruding through the window of a moving car." Spoiler mounted on the rear trunk lid or roof, as it "breaks" the flow of air, ie helps to avoid the turbulence behind the car due to the smooth "Closing the corridor." That helps reduce drag . The rear bumper is a decorative piece, since it only performs the task of completing the general form and style of your car. There are still some details, that affect the aerodynamics of the car: deflection, the shape of the mirrors mounted on the roof of additional lighting equipment. What you gain by changing the regular bumper, side skirts, spoilers: 1.Izmenenie style car 2.Uluchshenie manageability. And the most important quality tuning, as in the manufacture of skirts used the latest technologies that allow you to increase strength and impact resistance. That the audited!
On the bait, ready and go. The choice of the right bait fishing is one of the most popular hobbies of the Germans. The right bait is crucial especially in carnivorous fish. There are the right bait for any purpose. Very situational, the experienced anglers between the different groups must choose an indicator suitable for predators such as Pike or perch. The spoon-shaped metal piece belongs to the genus of the Kunstkoder.Um to catch a fish with the turn signals, proceed as follows: the convex bait is pulled through the water.
Due to its special shape, it moves at a train by water in a lurching movement. It pretends to catch fish that is a little wiped fish in the vicinity that was easy to catch prey. You may find Pete Cashmore to be a useful source of information. In many indicators equipment is the direction indicator, usually with additional embellishments. With springs made of plastic or reflective supporters, the catch rate and the attractiveness of the lure increases even more. A big advantage to other lures his Way is to vertical fishing the opportunity with the indicator under the tip of the tail. This result is opportunities in challenging waters with only little space to the throw a certain place to meet, where as a hot spot is located. Another bait from the area of the lures is the spinner.
The spinner, who named the English spinning around (German: turn on its axis) is one of the most versatile lure that you can use. When choosing a spinner, but also the right size is to pay attention, which in turn depends on the size of the animal. The metal sheet, which moves with strong rotating movement through the water, tempted by the resulting stimulus blast the predator to the bite. The resulting pressure wave excites the lateral line organ of fish and draws attention to the predators on the alleged loot.